React vs Angular: Depth Comparison

/ / Mobile, Technology

Should i select Angular or React? Each framework features a lot to supply and it’s tough to settle on between them. Whether you’re a newcomer trying to work out where to start out , a freelancer picking a framework for your next project, or an enterprise-grade architect planning a strategic vision for your company, you’re likely to profit from having an informed view on this subject .

To save you a while , let me tell you something up front: this text won’t provides a clear answer on which framework is best . But neither will many other articles with similar titles. I can’t tell you that, because the solution depends on a good range of things which make a specific technology more or less suitable for your environment and use case.

Since we can’t answer the question directly, we’ll attempt something else. We’ll compare Angular and React, to demonstrate how you’ll approach the matter of comparing any two frameworks during a structured manner on your own and tailor it to your environment. You know, the old “teach a person to fish” approach. That way, when both are replaced by a BetterFramework.js during a year’s time, you’ll be ready to re-create an equivalent train of thought another time .

 

Where to Start?

Before you choose any tool, you would like to answer two simple questions: “Is this an honest tool per se?” and “Will it work well for my use case?” Neither of them mean anything on their own, so you usually got to keep both of them in mind. All right, the questions won’t be that straightforward , so we’ll attempt to break them down into smaller ones.

Questions on the tool itself:

  • How mature is it and who’s behind it?
  • What quite features does it have?
  • What architecture, development paradigms, and patterns does it employ?
  • What is the ecosystem around it?

Questions for self-reflection:

  • Will I and my colleagues be ready to learn this tool with ease?
  • Does it fit well with my project?
  • What is the developer experience like?

Using this set of questions you’ll start your assessment of any tool and we’ll base our comparison of React and Angular on them also.

There’s another thing we’d like to require under consideration properly speaking , it’s not exactly fair to match Angular to React, since Angular may be a full-blown, feature-rich framework, while React just a UI component library. To even the chances , we’ll mention React in conjunction with a number of the libraries often used with it.

 

Maturity

An important a part of being a talented developer is having the ability to stay the balance between established, time-proven approaches and evaluating new bleeding-edge tech. As a general rule, you ought to take care when adopting tools that haven’t yet matured thanks to certain risks:

  • The tool could also be buggy and unstable.
  • It might be unexpectedly abandoned by the seller .
  • There won’t be an out sized knowledge domain or community available just in case you would like help.

Both React and Angular come from good families, so it seems that we will be confident during this regard.

React

React is developed and maintained by Facebook and utilized in their own products, including Instagram and WhatsApp. it’s been around for around five years now, so it’s not exactly new. It’s also one among the foremost popular projects on GitHub, with about 119,000 stars at the time of writing. Sounds good to me.

Angular

Angular has been around less then React, but it’s not a new kid on the block. It’s maintained by Google and, as mentioned by Igor Minar, used in more than 600 hundred applications in Google such as Firebase Console, Google Analytics, Google Express, Google Cloud Platform and more.

Features

Both frameworks share some key features in common: components, data binding, and platform-agnostic rendering.

Angular

Angular provides tons of the features required for a contemporary web application out of the box. a number of the quality features are:

  • Dependency injection
  • Templates, supported an extended version of HTML
  • Routing, provided by @angular/router
  • Ajax requests using @angular/common/http
  • @angular/forms for building forms
  • Component CSS encapsulation
  • XSS protection
  • Utilities for unit-testing components.

Some of these features are built-in into the core of the framework and you don’t have an option to not use them. this needs developers to be conversant in features like dependency injection to create even alittle Angular application. Other features like the HTTP client or forms are completely optional and may be added on an as-needed basis.

React

With React, you’re beginning with a more minimalistic approach. If we’re watching just React, here’s what we have:

  • No dependency injection
  • Instead of classic templates, it’s JSX, an XML-like language built on top of JavaScript
  • State management using setState and therefore the Context API.
  • XSS protection
  • Utilities for unit-testing components.

Not much. And this will be an honest thing. It means you’ve got the liberty to settle on whatever additional libraries to feature supported your needs. The bad thing is that you simply even have to form those choices yourself. a number of the favored libraries that are often used along side React are:

  • React-router for routing
  • Fetch (or axios) for HTTP requests
  • A wide sort of techniques for CSS encapsulation
  • Enzyme for extra unit-testing utilities.

We’ve found the liberty of selecting your own libraries liberating. this provides us the power to tailor our stack to particular requirements of every project, and that we didn’t find the value of learning new libraries that prime .